Children's toys refer to products that are designed or […]
Children's toys refer to products that are designed or intended for children under the age of 14 to play, processed and manufactured and used for sale, except for those products that the producer has explicitly stated that they are not for children to play.
The main types of children's toys are: image toys, technical toys, assembly and assembly toys, construction and structure toys, sports activity toys, music and sound toys, labor activity toys, decorative toys and homemade toys. The general educational requirements for toys are: conducive to promoting the overall development of children's physical, moral, intellectual and beautiful; in line with children's age characteristics, can satisfy their curiosity, activeness and desire for exploration activities; beautiful in shape, reflecting the typical characteristics of things; The activities are changeable, which helps to encourage learning; it meets the hygiene requirements, the color is non-toxic, easy to clean and disinfect; it meets the safety requirements, etc.
1. Toys mobilize children's enthusiasm
The physical and mental development of children is realized in activities. Toys can be freely manipulated, manipulated and used for children, which conform to the children's psychological hobby and ability level. It can meet their needs for activities and increase their enthusiasm for activities. For example, "rocking horse" toys, children will naturally ride on and swing back and forth, which not only meets their requirements for activities, but also makes them have positive and happy emotions, so they will not get tired of playing for a long time. Another example is "doll" toys, which can cause children to do a variety of activities. Children of all ages can play games with dolls based on their own life experiences, which can vary from simple to complex.
2. Toys enhance perceptual understanding
Toys have the characteristics of intuitive image, children can touch, hold, listen, blow, watch, etc., which is conducive to the training of various sense organs. Such as colored towers, blow molding toys, various dolls and toy animals are conducive to visual training; eight-tone bears, small pianos, tambourines, small slaps, etc. can train hearing; building blocks, plastic pieces, and structural models can be developed Space perception; various jigsaw puzzles, inlaid toys, soft plastic toys, etc. can exercise the sense of touch; pulling duck carts, trolleys, tricycles, two-wheelers, etc. contribute to the development of kinesthesia. Toys not only enrich children's perceptual knowledge while developing sensory and motor abilities, but also help to consolidate the impression that children obtain in life. When children do not have extensive exposure to real life, they learn about the world through toys.
3. Toys cause association activities
For example, toys in hospitals and doll houses can cause children to associate with hospitals and families, and can encourage them to develop creative role games; some toys for labor tools can cause children to perform simulated tasks such as planting trees, digging rivers, and building. Some toys are specially used for thinking training, such as various chess games and various intellectual toys, which can improve children's ability of analysis, synthesis, comparison, judgment, and reasoning, and cultivate the depth, flexibility and agility of thinking.